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Doctoral dissertation project of Daniel Palacios González

Monumental practices on Spanish War and Dictatorship mass graves since 1936 (working title)

During the fascist-military uprising of 1936, the war and Francisco Franco’s dictatorship, the rebels and the Spanish State led a plan of mass killing of any possible political opposition. Most of the victims were buried in mass graves, where relatives and activists still mourn after decades. My hypothesis is that such monumental practices are not just facing the grief, but a way of imbricating the bodies into material forms to keep the memory record in the territory and make the bodies visible. Using an interdisciplinary methodology, I collected hundreds of experiences using ethnographical and art history techniques. The importance of the bodies to develop monumental practices is the main output of my research. To build a monument over the surface of the mass grave or with the bodies inside after the exhumation of the mass grave is the most common practice in this context. Therefore, it is possible to define the monument as embodied: bodies are imbricated into the forms. As sepulture, they are used in this context to write history and help us to remember, following the thesis of Paul Ricoeur. Moreover, they represent a case of Nachleben, the survival of ancient practices following the thesis of Aby Warburg. As there were no official memory policies involving a monumental program to recognise those killed during the uprising, the war and the dictatorship, it is necessary to come back to those never forgotten forms of the past to produce a new monumental practice. Pagan forms that survived out of linear history which tell us about a need for material forms to help the memory remain in times of crisis.

 

Short biography

Daniel Palacios González is Eumanities Fellow at the a.r.te.s. Graduate School for the Humanities Cologne, as part of the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (Horizon 2020: MSCA). He is currently pursuing his PhD at the Universität zu Köln in cotutelle with the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid and co-supervision with the Université Rennes 2. He got his MA in Cultural Policies and Management at the University of Arts in Belgrade (UNESCO Chair for Interculturalism and Mediation in the Balkans) and Université Lyon 2, and MSc in Community Cultural Development at the Universidad de Oriente, in Cuba. He was Assistant Professor at the Universidad de Oriente, researcher at the Museo de la Solidaridad Salvador Allende in Chile, Fellow of the Centro de Estudios de América Latina at the Universidad de Chile and Fellow at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. He participated in the research projects Long exposure: the narratives of Spanish contemporary art for “wide audiences” at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid and is member of the research project BELOW GROUND: Mass Grave Exhumations and Human Rights in Historical, Transnational and Comparative Perspective at the Spanish National Research Council and the research group DeVisiones. Discourses, genealogies and practices in contemporary visual creation based at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, where he teach as Honorary Professor.

Contact: daniel.palaciosgonzalez(at)uni-koeln.de

 

Publications

Scientific Publications

Palacios González, D. y Saqqa Carazo, M.: “De la exhumación a la monumentalización : Una perspectiva interdisciplinar sobre la legitimación política en España desde el año 2000”, Amnis. Revue d'etudes des sociétés et cultures contemporaines Europe-Amérique, N. 18, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4000/amnis.4377

Souto Martín, M. y Palacios González, D.: “The Museum of America in Madrid: A problematic colonial heritage in postcolonial times”, 5th International Conference Youth in Conservation of Cultural Heritage. Madrid: Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, 2018, ISBN: 978-84-617-4237-0.

Palacios González, D.: “Los Centros Socioculturales de Distrito en Madrid. Un análisis estratégico para la participación comunitaria”, Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural, vol. 4, No 2, 2017, eISSN: 2386-7515. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4995/cs.2017.8734

Palacios González, D.: “Desarrollo cultural local y desarrollo cultural comunitario. Deslinde conceptual para una gestión participativa”, Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural, vol. 4, No 1, 2017, eISSN: 2386-7515. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4995/cs.2017.7487

Palacios González, D.: “Las Casas de la Cultura en Madrid: estado actual de un problema histórico para la comunidad local”, SANTIAGO: Revista de la Universidad de Oriente, vol. 142, 2017, e-ISSN: 2227-6513

Souto Martín, M. y Palacios González, D.: “The Museum of America in Madrid: A problematic colonial heritage in postcolonial times”, 5th International Conference Youth in Conservation of Cultural Heritage. 21st-23rd September 2016 – Madrid. Book of Abstracts. Madrid: YOCOCU, 2016, ISBN: 978-84-617-4237-0.

Palacios González, D.: “Euskadi con el pueblo chileno: Donaciones de artistas vascos y navarros al Museo de la Solidaridad Salvador Allende”, Ars Bilduma: Revista del Departamento de Historia del Arte y Música de la Universidad del Pais Vasco.  nº6, 2016, ISSN 1989-9262.

Palacios González, D.: “ETA contra los Encuentros de Pamplona: Un desencuentro entre arte y política”, Anuario del Departamento de Historia y Teoría del Arte. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, vol. 27, 2015, ISSN: 1130-5517, eISSN: 2530-3562. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/anuario2015.003

Palacios González, D.: “Artistas vascos y navarros: Una revisión generacional (1966 - 2007)”, RIEV – Revista Internacional de los Estudios Vascos, nº60 - 1, 2015, ISSN 0212-7016.

Book Chapters

Saqqa Carazo, M. and Palacios González, D. 2019. Spanish civil war mass grave exhumations: Legitimations and de-legitimations in contemporary Spain. Дискурс легитимации: язык и политика в эпоху глобальных вызовов : монография / Н. В. Грибачева, Д. Диас, А. А. Дорская [и др.] ; под общ. ред. А. В. Колмогоровой. Красноярск : Сиб. pp.142-166.ISBN 978-5-7638-4130-5.

Palacios González, D. and de Haro García, N.: “La solidaridad artística con Chile desde España: un viaje de ida y vuelta” / “The artistic solidarity with Chile from Spain: a return travel” in Solidaridades, Villafamés: MACVAC, 2017.

 

Lectures

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid – As Honorary Professor

Artes visuales en el mundo contemporáneo

Lectures as part of bachelor course coordinated by Dr. Jesús Carrillo (February – March 2020)

New York University in Madrid Campus – As Guest Speaker

Et in Hispania Ego: Monumental practices on mass graves in Spain

Lectures as part of the course coordinated by Dr. Allen Feldman (January 2020)

Université Rennes 2 – As Guest Speaker

Memorias culturales de las exhumaciones de la Guerra Civil Española

Lecture as part of the Master 2 Master 2 Recherche Études Ibériques et Latino-Américaines, coordinated by Dr. Françoise Dubosquet (November 2018)

Universidad de Oriente – As Guest Professor

Historias del arte en las Españas del siglo XX

Posgraduate Course (November - December 2016)

Universidad De Oriente – As Assistant Professor

History of Art 4, History of art 5, History of Spanish art and History of Latin American art

Lectures at Graduate Courses of the Bachelor in Art History (November 2015 – March 2016)

Scientific conferences

“From mass executions to mass graves excavations: legitimation and de-legitimation of the Spanish State” in Journée d’étude Légitimation du politique: discours, acteurs, pratiques, 8-9th November 2018, Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France.

“El historiador del arte frente a las memorias culturales de las exhumaciones: investigación y responsabilidad social”, II Conferencia de Historiadores del Arte en Sociedad, 18–20th June 2018, Universidad de Oriente, Santiago, Cuba.

“El historiador del arte frente a las memorias culturales de las exhumaciones: investigación y responsabilidad social”, II Conferencia de Historiadores del Arte en Sociedad, 18–20th June 2018, Universidad de Oriente, Santiago, Cuba.

With Souto Martín, M.: “Narrar la Guerra Civil desde el arte contemporáneo: El Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía como espacio de memoria”, Seminario. Larga Exposición: las narraciones del arte contemporáneo español para los “grandes públicos”, 17–18th November 2017, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

With de Haro García, N., Madrid Brito, D., Rivas Venegas, M., and D., García Pérez, B.: “Modern and contemporary Spanish art for all: some experiences in public art history” [Poster], 4th Annual Conference of the International Federation for Public History, 5 – 9th June 2017, Ravenna, Italy.

“El valor del trabajo en la obra de arte contemporáneo: una aproximación a su reconocimiento desde la economía política”, 1st International Conference: Culture from a multidisciplinary perspective, 17th March 2017, Universidad de Alcalá de Henares, Alcalá de Henares, Spain.

“El reconocmiento de la valorización social del trabajo en la obra de arte: posibilidades metodológicas desde la sociología francesa”, Seminario en Construcción 2017, 20th February 2017, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

“La Dimensión Comunitaria del Desarrollo Cultural: por una gestión cultural participativa”, II Congreso de Gestión Cultural, 29th September 2016, Valencia, Spain.

With Souto Martín, M., “The Museum of America in Madrid: a problematic colonial heritage in postcolonial times” [Poster], YOCOCU 2016 - YOuth in COnservation of CUltural Heritage International Conference, 21 – 23th September 2016, Madrid, Spain.

 

Awards and fellowships

SECOND PRICE OF THE NATIONAL GRADUATE EXCELENCE AWARDS

Ministerio de Educación, Ciencia y Deporte (2018)

MSCA H2020 COFUND EUUMANITIES FELLOWSHIP

European Comission CORDIS - Universität zu Köln (2018-2021)

POSGRADUATE FELLOWSHIP

Fundación Mutua Madrileña (2015-2017)

EXTRAORDINARY AWARD TO THE BEST ACADEMIC RECORD

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (2014)

COLLABORATION GRANT

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (2013-2014)

CENTER OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES – CEAL SCHOLARSHIP

Universidad de Chile (2012)

 

Cover photo: Mass grave in the Talavera Cemetery. (Photo: Daniel Palacios González) // Portrait photo: Patric Fouad


a.r.t.e.s. EUmanities has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 713600.

Details:
Call: H2020-MSCA-COFUND-2015 | Proposal: 713600 – artes EUmanities
CORDIS: http://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/203182_de.html