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Dissertationsprojekt von Frauke Scheffler

Producing Citizens: Puericulture Centers and Infant Mortality in the Philippines, 1900–1940

After the Spanish-American War, the United States embarked on a state-building project in the Philippines that involved the establishment of various offices and institutions. In order to fully understand United States imperialism in the Philippines, the discursive framework in which this state-building project emerged has to be reconstructed. In my dissertation, I will argue that Americans in the Philippines were both influenced by the racial knowledge and ruling practices of other imperial nations such as Great Britain and Spain, but also by their own experiences with governing and in particular with "civilizing" Native Americans, both through warfare and projects of "assimilation." Those references to other colonial encounters influenced the racial formation, as well as the formation of gender, that emerged in the imperial struggle and informed the way US colonial officers tried to deal with the Philippine population. I will investigate on which experiences and forms of knowledge Americans drew in order to govern the population of the Philippines and how this knowledge was reshaped in the imperial struggle. Only when taking this framework of knowledge production and transfer into consideration, the practices that Americans employed to govern the Philippines can be understood and set into a global context.



"Race-, Gender- und Körperdiskurse in Reiseberichten von Amerikanerinnen in den Philippinen, 1900-1914)"09. Juli 2010: Interdisziplinäres Kolloquium anlässlich des 5-jährigen Jubiläums des CePoG (Centrum für Postcolonial und Gender Studies) an der Universität Trier


Portraitfoto: Roman Oranski