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Doctoral dissertation project of Daniel Palacios González

Disputed memories: Monumental practices on Spanish Civil War mass graves exhumations (working title)

Whether, Spain was called a “Great Mass Grave”. One of the objectives of the Rebel Army and the fascist militias headed by Francisco Franco was not only to overthrow the Republic but to “clean” the country of those “enemies of Spain” in the framework of a “Crusade” against “bolshevism, masonry, separatism and social injustice”. The long war was also consequence of a progressive purge of those who the new authorities considered their enemies. Trade unionists, socialist, anarchist, communist and progressive militants but also their families, collaborators, those who take part of social revolts and strikes and who just had sympathy towards the Spanish Republic or antipathy against the rebels. At the present time, more than 140.000 are still disappear. However, Spain could be called now a “Great Exhumation”. Since the year 2000, there were excavated more than 350 mass graves. The civil society carried it out: families, political parties, trade unions, memory associations... there were not state public policy officially running the exhumations and deciding what was going to happen after that. Nevertheless, the mass grave was not any more a place to lament. Consequently, there were produced heterogeneous monuments to honour to those who were killed. At that juncture, new debates raised on how we should remember to these victims and, at the same time, it showed the irresolution of the conflict.

This project proposes an analysis on the monumental practices in the context of contemporary exhumations of the Civil War in Spain. It has the double aim to produce systematic scientific knowledge on the process as well as critical perspectives on how disputes and dissonances are arising. It follows the hypothesis of how in the context of the exhumations of Spanish Civil War mass graves, many monumental practices have taken place highlighting disputes on the collective memory. In order to do so, this project will first build up a systematic cartography of the monumental practices on the mass grave exhumations since the year 2000. And to understand this complex process, it will include an exhaustive wide case study of monumental practices from an interdisciplinary perspective taking into account their social, mental and material dimensions. In this sense, the analysis of these cultural memories of the political violence of the Civil War will help to understand the current political debates and historical processes in contemporary Spain.

 

Short biography

Daniel Palacios González is an EUmanities fellow at the a.r.t.e.s. Graduate School for the Humanities Cologne, as part of the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (Horizon 2020: MSCA). He is currently pursuing his doctoral studies at the Universität zu Köln in cotutelle with the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid and co-supervision with the Université Rennes 2. He got his MA in Cultural Policies and Management at the University of Arts in Belgrade (UNESCO Chair for Interculturalism and Mediation in the Balkans) and Université Lyon 2, and MSc in Community Cultural Development at the Universidad de Oriente, Cuba. He was Assistant Professor at the Universidad de Oriente, Researcher at the Museo de la Solidaridad Salvador Allende, Chile, Scholarship holder of the Centro de Estudios de América Latina at the Universidad de Chile and Collaborative Fellow at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. He is member of the research projects Long exposure: the narratives of Spanish contemporary art for "wide audiences” (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid) and BELOW GROUND: Mass Grave Exhumations and Human Rights in Historical, Transnational and Comparative Perspective (Spanish National Research Council). He is also co-editor of the memory studies blog Memorias Comunes for the Spanish newspaper El Salto.

Contact: daniel.palaciosgonzalez(at)uni-koeln.de

 

Publications

Scientific Publications

With Souto Martín, M.: “The Museum of America in Madrid: A problematic colonial heritage in postcolonial times”, 5th International Conference Youth in Conservation of Cultural Heritage. Madrid: Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, 2018.

“Los Centros Socioculturales de Distrito en Madrid. Un análisis estratégico para la participación comunitaria”, Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural, vol. 4, No 2, 2017.

“Desarrollo cultural local y desarrollo cultural comunitario. Deslinde conceptual para una gestión participativa”, Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural, vol. 4, No 1, 2017.

“Las Casas de la Cultura en Madrid: estado actual de un problema histórico para la comunidad local”, SANTIAGO: Revista de la Universidad de Oriente, vol. 142, 2017.

With Souto Martín, M.: “The Museum of America in Madrid: A problematic colonial heritage in postcolonial times”, 5th International Conference Youth in Conservation of Cultural Heritage. 21st–23rd September 2016 – Madrid. Book of Abstracts. Madrid: YOCOCU, 2016.

“Euskadi con el pueblo chileno: Donaciones de artistas vascos y navarros al Museo de la Solidaridad Salvador Allende” in Ars Bilduma: Revista del Departamento de Historia del Arte y Música de la Universidad del Pais Vasco. nº6, 2016.

“ETA contra los Encuentros de Pamplona: Un desencuentro entre arte y política”, Anuario del Departamento de Historia y Teoría del Arte. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, vol. 27, 2015.

“Artistas vascos y navarros: Una revisión generacional (1966 – 2007)”, RIEV – Revista Internacional de los Estudios Vascos, nº60 - 1, 2015.

Book Chapters

With de Haro García, N.: “La solidaridad artística con Chile desde España: un viaje de ida y vuelta” in Solidaridades. Obras del Museo de la Resistencia Salvador Allende en el MACVAC, Villafamés: MACVAC, 2017.

Science to Public

“Memorias comunes”, Blog in the newspaper <i>El Salto</i>, https://www.elsaltodiario.com/memorias-comunes.

 

Presentations

Lectures

Lecture – Université Rennes 2. Lecture taught for the Master 2 Master Recherche Études Ibériques et Latino-Américaines. Memorias culturales de las exhumaciones de la Guerra Civil Española. Rennes, France.

“Historias del arte en las Españas del siglo XX”, Postgraduate course, Facultad de Humanidades, Universidad de Oriente, Cuba, 2016.

History of Art 4, History of art 5, History of Spanish art and History of Latin American art, Graduate courses, Facultad de Humanidades, Universidad de Oriente, Cuba, 2015–2016.

Scientific conferences

“From mass executions to mass graves excavations: legitimation and de-legitimation of the Spanish State” in Journée d’étude Légitimation du politique: discours, acteurs, pratiques, 8-9th November 2018, Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France.

“El historiador del arte frente a las memorias culturales de las exhumaciones: investigación y responsabilidad social”, II Conferencia de Historiadores del Arte en Sociedad, 18–20th June 2018, Universidad de Oriente, Santiago, Cuba.

“El historiador del arte frente a las memorias culturales de las exhumaciones: investigación y responsabilidad social”, II Conferencia de Historiadores del Arte en Sociedad, 18–20th June 2018, Universidad de Oriente, Santiago, Cuba.

With Souto Martín, M.: “Narrar la Guerra Civil desde el arte contemporáneo: El Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía como espacio de memoria”, Seminario. Larga Exposición: las narraciones del arte contemporáneo español para los “grandes públicos”, 17–18th November 2017, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

With de Haro García, N., Madrid Brito, D., Rivas Venegas, M., and D., García Pérez, B.: “Modern and contemporary Spanish art for all: some experiences in public art history” [Poster], 4th Annual Conference of the International Federation for Public History, 5 – 9th June 2017, Ravenna, Italy.

“El valor del trabajo en la obra de arte contemporáneo: una aproximación a su reconocimiento desde la economía política”, 1st International Conference: Culture from a multidisciplinary perspective, 17th March 2017, Universidad de Alcalá de Henares, Alcalá de Henares, Spain.

“El reconocmiento de la valorización social del trabajo en la obra de arte: posibilidades metodológicas desde la sociología francesa”, Seminario en Construcción 2017, 20th February 2017, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

“La Dimensión Comunitaria del Desarrollo Cultural: por una gestión cultural participativa”, II Congreso de Gestión Cultural, 29th September 2016, Valencia, Spain.

With Souto Martín, M., “The Museum of America in Madrid: a problematic colonial heritage in postcolonial times” [Poster], YOCOCU 2016 - YOuth in COnservation of CUltural Heritage International Conference, 21 – 23th September 2016, Madrid, Spain.

Cover photo: Mass grave in the Talavera Cemetery. (Photo: Daniel Palacios González) // Portrait photo: Patric Fouad


a.r.t.e.s. EUmanities has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 713600.

Details:
Call: H2020-MSCA-COFUND-2015 | Proposal: 713600 – artes EUmanities
CORDIS: http://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/203182_de.html